The role of education level in environmental protection — An empirical analysis based on China General Social Survey


 Presenter (s) Sisi Guo,Jilin University
Title The role of education level in environmental protection — An empirical analysis based on China General Social Survey

Under the current pattern of development in the modern era, environmental protection faces various problems. In various research fields, scholars have also given different warnings and experiences. For example, from the perspective of classical economics,if it is wrong to believe that the pursuit of maximization of personal interests can be added to the maximization of group interests, is an obvious “synthetic fallacy”, ignoring the issue of considering the overall situation; In the field of operations research, the optimality of the outcome is achieved by selecting the current optimality at each step, called “greedy algorithm”. It can only lead to problems of quick success, greed and loss in environmental protection; In the field of management, the relationship between rights and obligations has not been clarified, and the tragedy of the commons in environmental protection has also been concerned. So, in the educational field, how should we deal with environmental protection issues? This paper first discusses the theoretical part, and carries on the literature review based on the previous research, and then proposes and verify possible hypotheses in educational field. The purpose of paper empirically examines the relationship between the level of education of residents and the level of government environmental protection job satisfaction in China, with the data of the 2015 China General Social Survey (CGSS), which has national and comprehensive characteristics, and the ordered probit model regression analysis method. The dependent variable directly uses the Li Kete scale of “Government Environmental Protection Job Satisfaction”. The independent variable adopts the education level (years and generations). It also controls the influence of variables of demographic characteristics such as gender, age, ethnicity, religion, and party members. After rejecting the invalid samples, a valid sample 6044 was obtained, and LR Chi2 showed that the entire model was statistically significant. The results showed that the intergenerational differences in education had no significant correlation with government environmental protection job satisfaction. But the years of education had significant correlation, and the higher the years of education, the lower the satisfaction with government environmental protection work. This means that the higher the education level of the residents, the higher the degree of questioning the government’s environmental protection behavior, the more beneficial it is to improve environmental protection. Therefore, above results show that improving the education period of residents and improving the education level is an effective way to improve the environmental protection work of the Chinese government. In the field of education, paying attention to the education level of residents is more conducive to improving environmental protection.

Sisi Guo is a Ph.D candidate at Jilin University in China, her research focuses on the educational policy and administration. She had received the funding from the China Scholarship Council and served as a visiting scholar at University of Pittsburgh in United states for one year.

To contact Sisi Guo, send an email to

2 Responses

  1. Jorge Enrique Delgado

    Dear Sisi, I’m glad to see your poster presentation at the CIES conference. It’s an interesting topic that confirms that the higher level of education attained the more aware and critical a person can be. For instance, in health sciences, in families where parents have higher levels of education, their children have better health and health habits, such us better dental health. I wonder how much the factor of personal philosophy could influence notions of sustainability. Good job!

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